ICD stands for International Classification of Diseases used widely as a diagnostic tool for various purposes like health management, clinical purposes, and epidemiology. It is maintained by the World Health Organization (WHO) that is the coordinating and directing authority in the United Nations System. However, the main motive is to design ICD codes to classify the healthcare system according to the different diseases.
Now, if you talk about the Hypomagnesemia ICD 10 code of Hypomagnesemia, then it is E83.42 that comes in the range of Endocrine, nutritional, and metabolic diseases. According to the doctors, it is the disorder that occurs because of a lower magnesium concentration in the blood.
Hypomagnesemia is becoming a widespread problem that occurs in around 12% of the hospitalized patients. Apart from that, this number is again rising to 60 to 65 % of patients in an intensive care setting.
No doubt magnesium is one of the most essential and abundant minerals of the body found in bones. Apart from that, there is a minimal amount of magnesium that circulates in the bloodstream as well. According to the report, magnesium plays a vital role in around 300 metabolic reactions of the body. However, if look at the reactions that are impacting the whole body processes, they include: –
- Nerve signal transmission
- Stabilization of cells
- Protein synthesis
- Blood pressure regulation
- Cardiac function
- Glucose and insulin metabolism
- Synthesis of DNA and RNA
- The overall health of muscles and nerves, and many more
According to a study conducted in 2012, around 48% of Americans don’t consume enough magnesium in their diet.
Symptoms of hypomagnesemia ICD 10
Individuals suffering from low magnesium may not suffer from any severe symptoms, but it can include: –
- Vomiting and nausea both
- Suffer from twitches mainly in the facial muscles
- Appetite decreases
- Weakness in the body
But, if the quantity of magnesium is very low, then the symptoms worsen, they are: –
- The overall personality changes
- The rhythm of the heart get abnormal ( rarely, this change in rhythm can be life-threatening)
- Muscle cramps
Cause of Hypomagnesemia
The disease called Hypomagnesemia occurs when the person does not take enough magnesium in the diet. Apart from that, it typically reduces because of excessive excretion of magnesium via urine. In other words, releasing too much magnesium from the kidneys.
According to the experts, if any of the individuals is suffering from Malnutrition due to bulimia, anorexia, or vomiting, they indeed suffer from magnesium deficiency. Moreover, the person having any of the chronic conditions can also lead to Hypomagnesemia.
On the other hand, this problem is mainly found in hospitalized people because of illness, taking some medication, and surgeries. However, various types of conditions can take the risk of magnesium deficiency to a high level. They are: –
If the person is suffering from chronic diarrhea, then indeed the electrolyte is imbalanced. So, people suffering from related conditions like Crohn’s problem are more prone to hypomagnesemia.
Suppose any individual is more prone to alcohol. In that case, it can lead to various problems like vomiting, pancreatitis, various liver problems, urination, and fatty stools increase, and the person starts taking less magnesium in the diet, etc.
If the person’s blood sugar gets very high, it can cause the body to release more magnesium. Thus, people who have type 2 diabetes can also suffer from low magnesium.
Breastfeeding and pregnancy
The pregnant lady or the mother can also suffer from hypomagnesemia because, in breastfeeding and pregnancy, the body releases more magnesium, leading to low magnesium if a proper diet is not taken.
Failure of any organ
This is another cause of hypomagnesemia, mainly in kidney failure in which the body excretes more magnesium.
As the age grows, magnesium absorption becomes more minor, but the urinary output surges with age. On the other hand, older people eat a less magnesium diet which may suffer from hypomagnesemia.
Apart from that, if any of the individuals take some medication by which the body loses excess magnesium, they also have to suffer from this disease. These medications include: –
- Proton pump inhibitors
- Any of the antifungal drugs
- Chemotherapy drug cisplatin
How do doctors diagnose hypomagnesemia?
If the person is suffering from any of the above symptoms, then immediately consult the doctor. The doctor diagnoses low magnesium disease by doing a physical examination in hypomagnesemia ECG, looking at the symptoms, checking past medical history, and lastly, by a blood test. you must note that blood tests don’t tell how much magnesium is stored in bones and blood.
Instead, it will help the doctor to check whether the person has hypomagnesemia or not. The doctor checks the level of calcium and potassium in the blood in the form of serum. A normal serum hypomagnesemia level is 1.8 to 2.2 milligram per deciliter. However, a serum level below 1.8 mg/dl is considered low, and if the level is below 1.25 mg/dl, the person is suffering from severe hypomagnesemia.
Hypomagnesemia ICD 10 is a very severe disease typically treated with the help of oral magnesium supplements and by increasing magnesium-rich food. According to the report, around 2% of people worldwide are suffering from hypomagnesemia, and out of these, most of the individuals are hospitalized who suffer from this problem.
Foods that are rich in magnesium, according to the doctor, are: –
- Whole-grain cereal
- Black beans
- Brown rice
- Baked potato with skin
If the patient is not getting any benefit from the above supplements, the doctor asks to go for oral magnesium salt. Apart from that, magnesium is injected via muscle or vein, monitored with the help of instruments to check whether the treatment is working.
Apart from the above magnesium-rich food, you can also take the help of a customized diet chart so that your magnesium level will go up in order to be healthy and free from hypomagnesemia.
Another problem from which the patient can suffer is other mineral deficiencies. Here the doctor also offers treatment for that at the same time. That means the patient can also suffer from hypocalcemia and hypokalemia, in which the level of calcium and potassium gets low. The reason for this is magnesium is the mineral that helps transport calcium and potassium ions into the body’s cells. So, hypomagnesemia and calcium, hypomagnesemia, and hypokalemia are interrelated to each other.
Risks related to hypomagnesemia
If the person is suffering from hypomagnesemia NHS and the problem remains untreated, the magnesium level can go very low. Thus, it can lead to life-threatening complications like: –
- Sudden death
- Coronary artery vasospasm
- Cardiac arrhythmias
The bottom line
Hypomagnesemia is no doubt a severe condition if it remains untreated. That’s why it is recommended to take enough amount of magnesium daily. If a case person found any of the hypomagnesemia symptoms, then consult the doctor immediately.
Frequently Asked Questions
What are the symptoms of hypomagnesemia?
According to the doctor, if the person is suffering from vomiting, nausea, lethargy, weakness in the whole body, tetany, muscle fasciculations, etc., they might have hypomagnesemia. To confirm, they must consult the doctor as soon as possible.
What are the effects of hypomagnesemia?
If the individual has some of the symptoms like hypomagnesemia discussed above, they should consult the doctor; otherwise, severe hypomagnesemia can be life-threatening.
How can you distinguish hypomagnesemia and hypocalcemia?
Magnesium is one of the essential and abundant minerals of the human body. Apart from that, it also produces and releases a parathyroid hormone. So, when the magnesium level goes down, the hormone called parathyroid is produced less, which results in lower blood calcium levels.
What disease causes low magnesium?
Due to magnesium deficiency in the body, the individual can suffer from chronic illnesses like ulcerative coeliac, diarrhea, short bowel syndrome, Crohn’s disease, etc. That’s why it is recommended to eat enough magnesium in the diet.
Can low magnesium cause kidney problems?
Yes, low magnesium in the individual’s body causes chronic kidney problems. The reason is that the kidney avoids the rapid fall in the extracellular magnesium concentrations.
Does magnesium dissolve kidney stones?
Yes, sure, in some cases, an intake of magnesium of around 1,000 mg per day helps dissolve kidney stones.
What does magnesium deficiency do?
Due to low magnesium deficiency, the body may suffer from various problems like twitches, muscle cramps, tremors, etc. However, if the case is worse, then the person can suffer from seizures and convulsions.
Is hypomagnesemia the same as magnesium deficiency?
Yes, hypomagnesemia and the deficiency of magnesium in the body are the same. As it is not a common disease, most people overlook this issue because of which the problem worsens.